Montgomery Bus Boycott
The day after Parks' arrest, the Montgomery Womens Political Council responded by calling for a one-day boycott of the city busses. The boycott lasted more than a year and is regarded as the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S. The majority of Montgomery's black population participated, an estimated 42,000 people. People walked, carpooled, and took black-owned taxis, which lowered fares to equal the cost of a bus ride. The Montgomery Bus Boycott ended only after the U.S. Supreme Court declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses unconstitutional. It wasn't until the 1964 Civil Rights Act that all public accomodations nationwide were desegregated.